Scenic America by Zuber. However, we neither manufacture nor sell reproduction wallpapers. Historic Wallpaper Specialties. Companies offering wallpapers generated form original documents. Companies who will reproduce wallpaper. Historic Wallpaper Consultants.
This type of production became the norm for wallpapers until industrialisation in the 19th century. Wallpaper at this time provided a less expensive alternative to textile hangings. As such, designs imitated contemporary textile fashions. Flock wallpapers, made by sprinkling chopped wool over a design printed in adhesive, were deliberate reproductions of the damasks and cut velvet wall hangings of the day.
Despite their rather ignoble reputation today, flock wallpapers were expensive, prestigious items and like most wallpapers were popular with the wealthy, fashionable classes. Wallpaper, on either Oriental paper or silk, was also imported from China.
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These were exquisitely hand-painted to depict stylised gardens of flowers, trees and birds, or scenes of traditional daily life in China. Due to their beauty and fineness of execution, these papers became commonplace in the majority of stately homes in Britain during the 18th and into the 19th centuries and still accounts for their survival today.
By the mid 19th century, wallpaper production joined in the industrial revolution. Increasing demand for paper was met by the use of wood pulp, which was quickly and cheaply processed, but initially resulted in a poor quality, acidic paper. Developments in the papermaking machine allowed continuous lengths of paper to be produced. These in turn could be printed using new mechanised wooden and metal rollers.
Concurrent developments in colour production also provided possibilities for new and more varied colours, including some 19th century experiments with arsenic green. Alongside the rush for mechanisation, some manufacturers were still producing handblocked wallpaper including the doyen of the Arts and Crafts Movement, William Morris, who issued his first wallpaper in Competition was also strong from the UK's customary rivals, the French, who were producing incredibly elaborate scenic wallpapers for a very appreciative British market.
These large 'panoramiques' usually consisted of non-repeating landscapes or vistas which continued around the room and could necessitate cutting over 1, blocks in order to print the different elements of the design. Innovations continued to keep up with, and create demand for new types and designs of wallpapers.
By the end of the 19th century, embossed wallpapers such as Lincrusta Walton had become popular, and special, damp-resistant wallpapers were being produced specifically for bathrooms and kitchens with the development of 'sanitaries', which were machine printed in oils and varnished. Although the industrialisation of the wallpaper industry is often associated with the introduction of poor quality materials and designs, many fine examples were produced and can still be seen today.
It should also be noted that increased production provided the opportunity for all but the very poorest levels of society to afford and enjoy wallpaper, and to take pride in the decoration of their homes.
Nov 30, The Historic District People who love, live in, and restore older homes. District Home Index Library WavyGlass Archives WavyGlass: Old House Discussions; Dating old wallpaper now with pics! Dating old wallpaper now with pics! Post by Cliff (WavyGlass) . Historic New England's wallpaper collection grew significantly in thanks to the addition of the Waterhouse Archive of Historic Wallpapers. This collection includes approximately 1, wallpaper samples collected by Dorothy S. Waterhouse, founder of Waterhouse Wallhangings, a company that specialized in reproducing historic wallpaper designs. Historic Wallpaper Manufacturers of historic wallpaper, add your listing to this page here. These wallpaper companies make wallcoverings that are historic in theme or manufacture. These wallpapers can either be manufactured using old world methods, reproductions, or genuinely historic.
To highlight the principal types of deterioration effecting historic wallpapers in situ, causes can be broadly divided into 'external' and 'inherent' factors. As with all works of art on paper, historic wallpapers are susceptible to damage by exposure to light and fluctuations in temperature and relative humidity. Combined with the effects of atmospheric pollutants, these can cause the breakdown of the paint layer and the paper support.
Further problems can also occur as a result of the differing responses of the various laminations of the decorative surfaces and its substrate to environmental conditions, and wallpaper conservation should not be regarded as the treatment of the wallpaper alone.
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The wallpaper, adhesives, linings, canvas, plaster laths and other elements may each respond differently to variations in temperature and moisture for example, and varying dimensional movements are often at the expense of the weakest layer - the wallpaper. Such conditions are magnified within historic buildings where their wallpapers have endured seasonal changes, lighting and heating by candle, oil and coal fires, as well as the installation of central heating systems and a reduction in ventilation.
Historic wallpapers are also prone to damage from structural problems of the building itself. Movement or settlement cracks in walls will strain and tear the wallpaper at the surface, whilst leaks and damp spots can cause staining, encourage mould growth and the physical weakening of the paper, pigments and adhesives. Wallpapers stuck directly to plaster walls, with or without a liner, may also suffer disturbance from crumbling plaster or soluble salts emanating from the wall.
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Wallpapers which have been traditionally hung on canvas and stretchers may be protected from the above to some extent. Traditional hanging techniques may also effect the longevity of a wallpaper in their use of impermanent materials, such as iron nails or inferior quality lining papers and adhesives.
Finally, more apparent damage to historic wallpapers comes from general wear and tear, such as human traffic, graffiti, furniture scratches, and holes made for fixtures among other factors. Although this type of damage is more obvious, it is usually less serious due to its localised nature.
Factors effecting the survival of a wallpaper are often directly attributable to the materials and method of manufacture of both the paper and the media paint or ink for example in which the wallpaper design is printed. Deterioration and embrittlement of a paper support dating after the s, for example, could be as a direct result of the poorer quality paper stock used at that time.
Alternatively, an 18th century Chinese wallpaper may have become brittle, not because it is of poor quality, but because its thin laminate construction makes it particularly vulnerable to environmental changes. Similarly, of the wide variety of pigments and media used in historic wallpapers, many cause damage to the support, or are prone to deterioration themselves.
This results in powdering, flaking and eventual loss of the pigment layer.
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Often design priorities are in conflict with the requirements of longevity; a matt paint for example, is often deliberately created using granular pigments in very little binder, but results in vulnerable, ill-bound paint layers. Criteria for determining appropriate conservation treatments are listed. One of America's leading specialists in the investigation and analysis of architectural finishes discusses methodology for analyzing wallpaper.
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This article from History-magazine. Albertson, Karla Klein. Banham, Joanna.
Victorian wallpaper. Clapp, A.
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Cohn, Marjorie, ed. Cuadrado, John A.
Dunbar, Jean. Floud, P. Ledes, Allison Eckardt. Mansell, Sarah.
New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. McClintock, T. Nylander, Richard C.
Wallpaper in New England - A brand new resource, this Web site is devoted to the recently digitized images of the important historic wallpaper collection at the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA). The collection is one of the largest in the U.S., comprising over samples of wallpaper ranging from the (the earliest documented sample from an American house. The earliest known wallpaper in Britain is thought to date from and was found covering the beams of the Dining Hall at Christ's College, Cambridge. The wallpaper had been printed by carved wooden block in monochrome on the reverse of single sheet documents. All of our historical wallpapers collection can be traced back to their original usage and associated dates, giving their use a special connection with the Victorian era. We have included some wallpapers from pre-Victorian times as these designs would have heavily influenced the Victorian wallpaper designs.
Phillips, M. Pritchard, Margaret Beck, and Willie Graham. Solomons, O. Reed, Rochelle. Sherrill, Sarah B. Suares, J.
Wallpapers: 17th Century to Present Day. London, Studio Editions, Cooper-Hewitt Museum.
Kitsch to Corbusier: Wallpapers from the s. Dornsife, Samuel A. New York: Macmillan, Entwisle, Eric. Bath, England: Kingsmead Reprints, A Literary History of Wallpaper. London: Batsford, Wallpapers of the Victorian Era. Leigh-on-Sea: F. Lewis, Greysmith, Brenda. An Introduction to Wallpaper. London: HMSO, Hapgood, M.
London: Abbeville Press, New York: Abrams, This is the best recent book on the subject, covering English, French, American, and Chinese wallpapers, lavishly illustrated and containing a thorough bibliography. Landscape Wallcoverings. Lynn, Catherine. Nashville, Tenn. McClelland, Nancy.
Philadelphia: J. Lippincott, Saunders, Gill. Wallpaper in Interior Decoration. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, Taylor, Clare. Princes Risborough, England: Shire Publications, Wallpaper: A History. New York: Rizzoli, Whitworth Art Gallery.
Our directory of suppliers of wallcoverings & wallpaper for old house interiors, including historic reproductions, art wallpapers, salvaged wallpaper, and Arts & Crafts and William Morris designs. Historic reproductions A unique archive of patterns dating from From fragile and faded fragments uncovered in hidden corners of old buildings emerge intriguing, unusual and often surprisingly contemporary wallpapers. Each design is painstakingly redrawn and recoloured for . The wallpaper dating dating therefore armed with several dating options with which to conserve historic wallpapers. As wallpapers are viewed as art objects which are part of another historic structure, consideration must be given to the historic structure as a whole.
Manchester, England: The Gallery, Manchester: Whitworth Art Gallery, Ackerman, Phyllis. Wallpaper, Its History, Design and Use. New York: Tudor Publishing Co. Frangiamore, Catherine Lynn. Wallpapers in Historic Preservation.
Washington, D. New York : W. Norton, This is the most comprehensive and scholarly work on wallpaper use in America. Boston: The Society, Sanborn, Kate.
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This early work on historic wallpaper includes many turn-of-the-century photographs of old houses with early wallpapers that have since been lost. A Century of Sanderson, Manufacturers of William Morris wallpaper patterns. Hand Printed Wall Papers. Uxbridge, Middlesex, England: The Firm, c. Clark, Fiona. William Morris: Wallpapers and Chintzes.
New York: St. Martin's Press, Fowler, John, and John Cornforth. English Decoration in the 18th Century.