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Or, rather, there's a bare quote that shows up every so often, apparently directly copied, and without any supporting evidence: Quote: The first dated coin using positional numerals is a relatively common small silver coin of northern India, A. Report this Post to the Staff. Quote: is this a weird question, and was this subforum the right one to ask it? Interesting question and one I don't have an answer for either.
Though I think you might have answered your question with the Indian example of AH, I think that region would most likely area to search. The h reference is apparently to the Ghaznavid bilingual dirhams of Mahmud. According to Album in the Checklistthey are "dated in words in Arabic, but also dated in Sanskrit numerals on the reverse".
Coins with dates in purely Arabic ciphers rather than words don't become common until about h, but I don't know what issue is considered "first". Like you, I'm surprised this info isn't easier to find.
I'm pretty sure the correct answer isn't 46 BC. Positional numerals were not practical or mathematically sound until the work of Brahmagupta in to establish the mathematical properties of zero.
Coming from the tradition of dated Sassanian coins, Islamic dirhems were dated right off the bat, but written out fully rather than utilizing numbers. I don't think I recall seeing any dated Islamic coins in numerals from before the s.
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Please educate me. What do you mean by "positional". Would coins with Roman numerals count?
Roman numerals in classical usage are position-independent and have the same meaning regardless of position, like tally marks. Subtractive positional notation such as IV for 4, IX for 9 and XC for 90 was rarely used in ancient Rome but became popular in the 13th century according to Wikipedia.
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Kushanshah Thank you very much. One Obol the other Denier.
They bare the es-Safar calendar date This translates to AD. Pictures of these two coins may be viewed at medievalcoinage. I stand corrected. The Roskild has Roman numerals as do the two Spanish coins.
Dec 19, Just about everyone knows about the first AD dated coins (Roskilde ), and a lot of people know about the first coins dated in European "Arabic" numerals (St-Gallen ). But of course the Muslims were dating coins in their own Arabic numerals well before AD; I have one example that (probably) dates from AH = AD, and, IIRC, yet earlier dates are known. Mar 19, In the first example, the Arabic 2's are tranlated as western 1's. If I saw that date on an Arabic coins, I'd think it was not as in your example (but I'd know something was amiss, or . Dating of Arabic coins It is much easier with Arabic numerals than with Arabic writing - it's not for nothing that the numbers we are using called Arabic. In fact, the outline of the numbers is different, but the principle of the formation of numbers is the same.
They just use a different calendar system. The St. Gallen plappart I believe is the first positional dated coin. I apologize for confusing the forum.
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Quote: I stand corrected. While the date on the coin readsby the new calendar todays it is Quote: Obv. I realize that the coins I posted have Roman numerals and do not have a date with positional numbers.
Coins from the United Arab Emirates. Search tips. To search an expression, simply put quotation marks around it. Example: A search for "1 franc" is more precise than 1 franc. You may use an asterisk as a wildcard. Example: type "5 cent*" to find coins of 5 cents and 5 centimes. Use a dash to exclude the coins matching with a word or expression. In order to satisfy the Jews and Arabs in the territory, as well as their British rulers, the coins have their legends in three different languages, Arabic, English and Hebrew and the date in both the AD and AH calendar. An olive branch, representing peace, is on the reverses of both coins. Jul 03, A treasure trove of Arab coins dating back some 1, years has been discovered in an old German cemetery near the Baltic coast. Archaeologists unearthed the rare find, which now comes to around 70 items, as they were carrying out routine work on the graveyard near the town of Kamien Pomorskie in the north-west, not far from the German border.
I posted them since I mentioned them earlier in the thread. Should I remove the pics? They have the dates written in Aryabhata numerals. While some literature describes this numeral system as "positional", it is perhaps best described as "semi-positional".
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Just as Devanagari "letters" are composed of a vowel-consonant combination, so Aryabhata numerals are composed of a "consonant" component, representing a number between 1 an and a "vowel" component representing the power-of-ten applied to the number. Thus, the letter "G" by itself with the implied consonant "a", giving the combined letter "Ga" was the number "3", Gi would beGu would beGr would be and so forth; 30,etc would be written using the letter "N" Na, Ni, Nu, Nr, and so on.
The primary difference between this and a "true positional" numbering system devised some centuries later is the lack of a concept of or symbol for "zero", requiring the use of the vowel-consonant combination to fully denote the position in a large or complicated number.
Nor had they invented the concept of assigning unique characters to the numerals, instead adopting and adapting directly from the Devanagari alphabet.
The system allowed them to easily write the really humongous numbers present in Hindu cosmology, but it fell out of favour as many of the resulting number-words are really, really difficult to pronounce. Which did mean that people tended to swap the order of numerals around to try to make them more pronounceable, thus defeating the whole purpose of positionality to make mathematics easier.
Don't say "infinitely" when you mean "very"; otherwise, you'll have no word left when you want to talk about something really infinite.
Mar 10, Arabic Dates Most coins from Arabic or Islamic countries use the Islamic Calendar, which began (Year 1) in A.D. (by the Gregorian calendar we use in the United States). That is why the dates on modern Arabic coins are usually in the s and s - it's not because the coins are years old. Here are some date examples on actual coins:Author: Portland Coins. Arabic numbers: Dates on coins are read from left to right. Coins using the AH (Anno Hegirae) system date from the time in AD when Mohammed "fled" from Mecca, escaping to Medina. The Islamic calendar since then has used the lunar year to calculate dates. The calendar is approximately 11 days short of the Gregorian (AD) system. Arabic coin dating - Men looking for a woman - Women looking for a woman. If you are a middle-aged man looking to have a good time dating woman half your age, this article is for you. Register and search over 40 million singles: matches and more.
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Arabic coin dating
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